Mercutio loves nothing better than a big night out. If you were in the pub talking to a mate, how would you describe Mercutio?
Mercutio is the person in the pub who is standing on the table, drinking more than anybody else! He’s the loudest one in the room and the centre of attention at all times. He’s that mate you have who cracks all the jokes and who is a bit of a smart aleck – but also the one who will start the fight in the bar as well. He’s the first person to throw a punch because he’s always looking for an escape from normal, banal everyday life.

Put it this way: In the play Romeo And Juliet, Mercutio himself does not know that he is in the play Romeo And Juliet. Right up until the moment he dies, he thinks it’s The Mercutio Show.

How do you feel about playing Mercutio on stage?
I’m quite humbled because Mercutio is one of the great Shakespeare characters and I might never get the opportunity again. You could pick Mercutio up and put him in any one of Shakespeare’s plays and he’d have the same impact. He’s a vibrant and intelligent character with such a wit but at the same time he is the most bawdy and most volatile character. He’s a hugely fascinating character and I am relishing playing the part.

Are you anything like Mercutio in real life?
Honestly? I feel like I’m trying to live up to Mercutio because he’s such a fantastic creation. I feel like I have to grow myself to become him. He is the complete opposite of me in real life. I’m a pretty relaxed human being but it’s fun to play someone like Mercutio. He has such a mercurial nature.

He’s the life and soul of the party, but his feisty personality also leads him into the fatal brawl with Tybalt, which proves to be his undoing.
Yes, but I do sympathise with Mercutio. I do identify with his story a lot. For me, his story is one of the more heartbreaking ones in the play, because he never fully realises why he dies. He never finds out that Romeo is in love with Juliet. He spends the whole time thinking that Romeo is in love with Rosaline and that is what is making him [Romeo] sad. Mercutio never once meets Juliet and he never understands that his friend has found true love.

He’s neither Capulet nor Montague. So why does Mercutio step in to the fracas with Tybalt?
I think Mercutio gets involved for a number of reasons. Partly because he simply enjoys a fight but also because he wants to prove to his friend that he loves him. Mercutio spends the whole time trying to win his friend’s love back through gestures of grandeur. He wants to show Romeo that he’s worth more as a friend than a wife or girlfriend ever could be.

That’s interesting. Some people assume Mercutio is a just a headstrong, wisecracking rabble-rouser. But you really feel for him, don’t you.
His story is one of the more fascinating ones that Shakespeare wrote, mainly because it feels almost incomplete, in a sense. The audience is introduced to the character towards the end of the first act. He comes on and only after this gigantic monologue is he named. Romeo says, “Peace, peace Mercutio, peace! Thou talk’st of nothing.” and Mercutio says, “True, I talk of dreams”. We hardly know who this guy is and then, four scenes later he is dead – having changed the whole trajectory of the play.

Shakespeare took a translation of an old Italian poem and turned it into the Romeo And Juliet that we know today. In doing so, he amplified Mercutio’s role quite significantly. What does Mercutio add to Shakespeare’s version, do you think?
I think Shakespeare is very good at placing an idea in the same scene as the antithesis to that idea. Mercutio is an anti-hero to Romeo. Shakespeare is showing us different perspectives on the same circumstances.

Also Shakespeare was a writer for the people. He fleshed out Mercutio, I think, because he was writing this play for the queen but also for the commoners too. The most amazing thing about Shakespeare’s writing is that he can be so crass and bawdy and vulgar but he does it in such a beautifully poetic way that the queen will applaud him just as much as the commoners.

So I think Shakespeare needed a character like Mercutio to juxtapose Romeo’s beautiful poetry. He needed both sides to please the masses.

Mercutio is certainly an entertainer. The first two Acts feel like a comedy until he dies.
Oh absolutely. The play is a romantic comedy until then. Boisterous young kids who fall in and out of love, gate-crash parties and so on. Then it all changes when Mercutio is killed by Tybalt, and then Romeo kills Tybalt.

Mercutio keeps the wisecracks up until the very end doesn’t he.
Even in those final moments, Mercutio is never accepting of death. It’s a curious thing to perform on stage. He makes jokes all the way up until he is dead: “Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man”. Mercutio is very self aware of the fact that the world is about to lose a great mind. He’s really quite an incredible character.

The 2016 Bell Shakespeare production of Romeo And Juliet is being staged at the Arts Centre Melbourne (14 April – 1 May). Details at

Interview by Andy McLean.



By Andy McLean

As heroes go, it’s hard to think of a less likely one than Juliet Capulet: A giggly thirteen year old. Born into privilege. Living a sheltered life. Indulged by her own personal nurse. At first sight, it’s hard to believe that we are looking at one of theatre’s greatest romantic heroes.

But looks can be deceiving.

When we meet her, Juliet appears to be quite the goodie-two-shoes. She seems eager to please Lady Capulet, her mother (‘Madam, I am here, what is your will?’) and patiently listens while the Nurse and her mum have a lengthy discussion about Juliet’s past, present and future.

For most of this scene, the two older women are really talking about Juliet; not talking with her. They infantilise her, objectify her, and quickly agree that an arranged marriage to Count Paris is for the best. Juliet’s response is quietly submissive:

‘I’ll look to like if looking liking move,
But no more deep will I endart mine eye
Than your consent gives strength to make it fly.’

That early exchange is, in fact, a rather nifty manoeuvre from Shakespeare. It sets everyone’s expectations of Juliet very low, making sure that she is underestimated at every turn thereafter. Who would ever suspect that this meek young creature could smash the rules of society and family so spectacularly?

“Juliet goes on such a journey,” says Kelly Paterniti, who is playing the part in Bell Shakespeare’s 2016 production. “She transforms in front of our eyes from this very young dutiful daughter to this mature young woman who disobeys her parents and goes for what she wants. She’s very headstrong and incredibly imaginative.”

Harvard scholar Marjorie Garber agrees: “She begins as a very obedient daughter. Then the second she catches sight of Romeo she becomes wonderfully, cleverly deceptive.”

By way of example, Garber points out that, seconds after Juliet’s first encounter with Romeo at the Capulet ball, she is desperate to know who he is. To conceal her interest, Juliet begins asking the Nurse who various other revellers are before casually pointing out Romeo.

This is the first of many occasions where Juliet chooses language to cloak her true intentions: “She is very honest,” says Paterniti. “There are a number of times where she’s talking with her father and she’s just incredibly clever at manipulating words to say one thing that isn’t a lie but has a double meaning. So she remains true to herself even though she’s saying what she thinks someone else wants to hear. If you really listen, she’s talking about something else entirely.”

Having fallen in love, Juliet’s language shifts markedly. She is capable of breathtaking rhyme and passionate blank verse or iambic pentameter. Author and feminist Germaine Greer explained the significance of this in an interview for the UK’s Hay Festival: “Juliet is a kid and what’s extraordinary about the play is that Shakespeare has put his first great heroic blank verse in the mouth of a 13-year-old girl. That’s an extraordinarily subversive thing to do. She’s not any kind of a conventional hero.”

Later in Shakespeare’s career, he regularly created female characters who took control and ran rings around their male counterparts. Juliet was a precursor to those characters. “She’s every bit Romeo’s equal – in fact she is more than his equal,” says Peter Evans, who is directing the 2016 Bell Shakespeare production of the play. “She’s so bright. She has to teach Romeo how to love and how to be real.”

In the ITV documentary Shakespeare Uncovered, Oxford scholar Sir Jonathan Bate emphasised that Juliet has the initiative during the famous balcony scene: “She’s in control even to the point of planning the wedding. She’s discovering her sexuality. She’s not passive. She’s out there at her window, willing Romeo to come to her. She’s ready to give her body to him.”

Juliet’s love for Romeo can be viewed as a reaction against the establishment, according to Greer: “One thing is clear to me: Romeo is a dork, but she loves him. Why does she love him? Because she’s exercising her own right to choose under duress.”

Greer’s assessment of Romeo might be a touch harsh, but it is his rash behaviour that ultimately dooms the two lovers. He lets the red mist descend, avenging the death of Mercutio by slaying Tybalt and, from that moment on, Juliet’s fate is sealed just as surely as Romeo’s.

Juliet responds by asserting herself even further. In an act of daring and defiance, she consummates the marriage with Romeo and pledges her allegiance to him. Then, when Romeo flees, Juliet stays behind to pick up the pieces.

“If you look at the structure of the play, when Romeo is banished, Juliet is left to orchestrate the plot,” says Garber. “Juliet says ‘My dismal scene I needs must act alone’. She’s on her own here. She abandons her mother, she abandons the Nurse, she will no longer have any of this female support group and she makes her own plans with Friar Laurence.

“Juliet’s direction of the play comes rapidly,” continues Garber. “Shakespeare puts her in the driving seat very effectively.”

By the time she fakes her own death, Juliet has developed far beyond the passive young girl we met at the beginning. Now it is her actions that propel us towards the play’s heartbreaking conclusion.

“Make no mistake: this is Juliet’s play,” says Garber. “There is no question this is Juliet’s play; both in terms of the staging, and in terms of the language. Her maturing is very rapid. The centre of the play has been hollowed out as a space for Juliet’s maturation.”

Peter Evans agrees: “Absolutely, I think it’s her play. Juliet is there with Rosalind, Cleopatra, Viola and Lady Macbeth as one of Shakespeare’s female characters with a real engine and with real agency. I think Shakespeare says it himself in the last words of the play when he actually refers to ‘…Juliet and her Romeo’. He clearly says that this has ended up being a story about Juliet.”

The 2016 Bell Shakespeare production of Romeo And Juliet is being staged at Canberra Theatre Centre (1  – 9 April) and the Arts Centre Melbourne (14 April – 1 May). Details at

Andy McLean is a magazine publisher and freelance writer. He tweets from @1andymclean



How did you feel when you heard you’d got the part?

Alex: I was elated! Romeo is one of those roles that I’ve always wanted to do before I get too old to do it. I couldn’t be happier that I’m doing it at Bell Shakespeare.    

Kelly: I felt excited. The way [director] Peter Evans explained what he wanted to do with Romeo & Juliet, I just couldn’t really have said no. He has such a wonderful vision for this production.

(Listen to an interview with Peter Evans about his plans for Romeo & Juliet here)

How have you been preparing for the role?

K: I’ve been doing a lot of reading. And I’ve been collecting my own little mini image board of things. I find it helpful to look at the visual collection and think “Oh yeah, that’s where my head is supposed to be”.

A: I’ve been reading the play non-stop! I’ve seen the movie versions a few times too but you don’t want to fill your head too much with other peoples’ interpretations.

How would you describe your characters?

A: With Romeo, there’s a lot of cheekiness. There’s a lot of emotion. He’s quite raw. And I think every actor’s Romeo is different. Everyone brings a bit of themselves to their Romeo.

K: Juliet is an incredibly bright young lady who transforms in front of our eyes from this very obedient daughter to this mature woman who disobeys her parents and goes for what she wants. She’s very headstrong and very imaginative.

Why do you think this play is still so incredibly popular more than 400 years after it was written?

A: It’s definitely one of Shakespeare’s most accessible plays. Not everyone can identify with wanting the throne like in the History plays, but with Romeo & Juliet everyone can identify with having strong feelings towards another person. On that basis, it’s very easy to sympathise and empathise with the main characters.   

K: If you look at everything that’s going on in the world today, Romeo & Juliet is still timely. There are still so many conflicts. People are still dictating what women can and can’t do. There are still so many people who are trying to escape where they are to follow their dreams. I was in India not that long ago and I met this guy who was madly love with this girl, but he could only see her in secret. And that was only a year or so ago.

The play is a tragedy but there’s lots of laughter in it too, isn’t there.

K: It’s really funny! I think everyone calls it a tragedy because they know how it ends. It’s comic but that makes it more tragic because you’re laughing and yet you know that, inevitably, these two people are going to die. There you go! The meaning of life! We’ve discovered it, right there!

A: I think comedy is what most guys will revert to when trying to woo a lady. In a few different points in the play, Romeo thinks he’s going to use his wit and intelligence to sweep Juliet off her feet – but she completely outwits him! And I think that’s part of the reason that he falls head over heels.

And despite the tragic finale, there is a hopeful message at the end too isn’t there.

K: That’s absolutely right. It takes something so tragic to make everyone realise how trivial the feud has been. What is hopeful is that these two families may go on and, in future, maybe new people could meet and fall in love from those families. It’s a nice way to end. I hope that’s what people will take from it.

Rehearsals start in early January. How are you feeling right now?

A: Terrified! [Laughs] No, I’m very excited to get going. I’m really looking forward to working with Peter Evans to not only realise what I think this story is about, or what I think my Romeo is about; but what everyone else thinks too. The collaboration is the most exciting aspect for me.

K: I feel excited. I’ve got to do all the Christmas cheer and joy first of course! But that’s also nice because I’ll be able to think about Romeo & Juliet over that extended period and prepare.

Alex Williams and Kelly Paterniti star in Romeo & Juliet at the Sydney Opera House (20 February – 27 March), Canberra Theatre Centre (1  – 9 April) and the Arts Centre Melbourne (14 April – 1 May). Details here.

Interviews edited by Felicity McLean, freelance writer and author.





 N is for National
Bell Shakespeare is a truly NATIONAL theatre company. Every year the company tours live theatre to many corners of the nation that others never reach.

“One of the reasons I agreed to start the company was the fact that I come from the country,” says Bell Shakespeare founder John Bell. “We didn’t get much live theatre where I grew up [East Maitland]. So I always wanted to take theatre into regional Australia and give other country kids a chance to see it.”

O is for Othello
OTHELLO has a special place in John Bell’s heart because it was the first time he saw Laurence Olivier act on stage.

“Olivier was my acting idol since the age of fifteen and the biggest single influence on my love of Shakespeare and my decision to be an actor,” says Bell, who camped overnight on the cold English pavement to get tickets to see Oliver play Othello – four times!

[Read about Bell Shakespeare’s 2016 touring production of Othello here.]

P is for Primary Schools
Traditionally, the first brush with Shakespeare for many young people was in English lessons at secondary school. Since 1995 however, Bell Shakespeare has gradually been changing that. “Younger children weren’t getting much exposure to live theatre and we were aware that was a neglected sector of the community,” says John Bell. “So we extended our Actors At Work scheme into performances and workshops in PRIMARY schools.

“Kids love the stories and the characters, be it the fairies in A Midsummer Night’s Dream or the three witches in Macbeth. They love dressing up in the costumes and playing these characters. It’s all about having fun of course but it does have a side benefit: Enjoying Shakespeare at that younger age makes it much less daunting when students later study and perform the plays in secondary school.”

[Read more about Bell Shakespeare’s work in primary schools here.]

Q is for Questions
One of the defining hallmarks of William Shakespeare’s writing was his ability to leave QUESTIONS in the minds of his audiences. Throughout every play, there are grey areas that demand answers. (Henry V: inspiring leader or manipulative warmonger? Is Hamlet ever really mad or just pretending?)

“Shakespeare wrote the plays so that they could be interpreted in different ways,” says John Bell. “The contradictions within characters like King Lear or Macbeth can make us sympathise and at the same time be horrified by them. Hamlet knocks off several people and yet, at the end, it is ‘Goodnight sweet prince’. It really is quite extraordinary.”

R is for Richard III
Asking John Bell to pick favourites from Bell Shakespeare’s past productions is like asking him to pick a favourite child. Yet Bell doesn’t hesitate when asked to name the character he’s enjoyed playing the most: RICHARD III.

“I’ve always liked playing the more grotesque roles,” says Bell. “With Richard, I think somehow I responded to the disguise, with the crippled arm. It takes you somewhere else because physicality transforms you.”

So why is Richard III so popular with audiences? “I think it is his unashamed delight in what he’s doing. It’s like a gangster movie. You know the gangster is going to get shot in the end and the cops are going to win. But you enjoy going for a ride with this villain who exists beyond our moral codes.”

S is for Supporters
If A is for actors then S is for SUPPORTERS, as to have one without the other is like Romeo without his Juliet or Rosalind sans Orlando. Bell Shakespeare benefits from a range of support from sponsors, philanthropists, government, and of course, its audiences.

“Our audiences are incredibly diverse,” says John Bell. “We travel far and wide and see people of all ages, and from very different backgrounds. About the only thing that unites them all is that our audiences are all discerning. Perhaps we should file them under ‘D’ instead?”

T is for Translations
In recent years, Australian theatre audiences have begun something of a love affair with the 17th Century French playwright Moliere and it shows no signs of abating. Bell Shakespeare has performed two modern TRANSLATIONS by Australian Justin Fleming and another is in the works for 2016.

“Moliere is the French equivalent to Shakespeare really,” says John Bell. “They weren’t that far apart historically. They were both interested in comedy and comedy stock characters and situations. ”

Read more about the 2016 production of Moliere’s The Literati (Justin Fleming’s translation of Les Femmes Savantes) here.

U is for United Kingdom
Years ago, it would have been unthinkable for an Australian theatre company to tour a Shakespeare play in the UNITED KINGDOM. But in 2006 Bell Shakespeare took the bold step of staging The Comedy Of Errors in the UK.

“We performed at Bath Festival and then did a season in Blackpool,” says John Bell. “The audiences were very enthusiastic and we had rave reviews. One said, ‘The Aussies beat us at cricket and now they’re beating us at Shakespeare’ and described our production as a warm ray of Aussie sunshine in a bleak English winter.”

V is for Volska
She’s played Lady Macbeth, Beatrice, Gertrude and Lady Capulet to name just a few. She’s directed A Midsummer Night’s Dream and The Merchant Of Venice. And she’s been instrumental in the Bell Shakespeare story.

Anna VOLSKA is very much John Bell’s creative partner as well as life partner. “In 1990 we had two daughters growing up and I threw away a secure job to start up this new theatre company with nothing,” recalls Bell. “It was a pretty reckless thing to do but Anna encouraged me. She was totally supportive and enthusiastic. And right through to today, Anna is still my main support.”

W is for Why
The question John Bell gets asked more than any other is: WHY dedicate most of your working life to one playwright: Shakespeare?

Bell explains: “Shakespeare was a superb entertainer. His characterisation was astute. And he was versatile – Shakespeare could turn from comedy to tragedy to farce to historical chronicle to mystical fantasy, and carry them all off triumphantly.

“We also get to explore issues – how we live, how we should behave, why are we here – and view them through the filter of Shakespeare. So there’s that philosophical element, combined with his language being possibly the crowning glory of the English language.”

X is for X Factor
Theatre directors are always searching for the magic ingredient that will transform a good production into a great production. After six decades in theatre, John Bell has a few thoughts on where to look. “I think the X FACTOR is a really powerful actor using powerful language. With Shakespeare, I find the more cluttered you get – the more busy, the more effects you put on – the less you are in touch with that X factor.”

Y is for Yellow.
As in cross-gartered stockings. One of Shakespeare’s most-loved comic characters is Malvolio in Twelfth Night. The sour-faced puritan is tricked into parading around in a pair of YELLOW cross-gartered stockings to try to win the heart of Olivia.

John Bell remembers his cross-gartered experience of playing Malvolio, 20 years ago. “There was a story in the newspapers at the time of a Tory MP who was found dead, wearing ladies underwear with an orange in his mouth. This inspired my Malvolio and I stripped down so that my top half was a smart suit but below were boxer shorts, yellow stockings and high heels. It was a weird look. The top half was all very Tory and the bottom half was this sort of drag queen!”

Z is for Zeitgeist
One of the reasons Shakespeare’s plays endure is that they deal with themes that are just as relevant today as they were 400 years ago. This allows directors to present the plays and tap in to whatever the current ZEITGEIST may be.

“When you come to do a play you’ve got to think, ‘What is society’s current paranoia or dread or aspiration?’” explains John Bell. “You need to bring that to the fore without compromising the play or in any way distorting it.

“Our current production of Hamlet, for example, shines a spotlight on surveillance and the growing power governments have to monitor people. The director Damien Ryan has picked that up brilliantly.”

[See here for details and tickets about the current production of Hamlet.]


By Felicity McLean, author and freelance writer. @felicitymclean




A is for Actors
Much has changed since Bell Shakespeare began two and a half decades ago yet, at heart, it remains a company of ACTORS with open minds and unlimited energy, specialising in Shakespeare. “We have always concentrated on simple productions, with simple staging, with all the emphasis on the actors – the speaking voice and what the language can convey,” explains Bell Shakespeare founder John Bell. “I suppose of all the productions I’ve done, my last one [The Tempest] came the closest to what I’ve always aimed for: as much simplicity as possible and resisting all temptation to busy it up with effects and theatrical or technological magic rather than the magic of the words.”

B is for Boards
Artists sometimes regard them as just ‘suits’, so why do theatre companies need BOARDS of Directors? “That’s easy – to keep artistic directors in check!” laughs John Bell. “We are all answerable to somebody. Boards are so significant and too often they’re not recognised.”

Bell Shakespeare’s directors are all people at the top of their profession, which means they already have their hands full, says Bell. “Yet they work so hard and give so much of their free time – and a lot of them are financially generous too, supporting the company. The expertise and scrutiny that they bring to the company is absolutely essential.”

C is for Circus Tent
Yes, CIRCUS TENT. That’s where the first ever Bell Shakespeare productions were staged.

“Shakespeare can be exhilarating when played in rough conditions, on an unusual stage, where actors have maximum contact with, and access to, the audience,” explains John Bell. “We hired a circus tent in 1991 and we pitched it inside the Sydney Showground. It was a cheeky way of announcing a new company. On the first night some of the audience wore evening dress and thongs, or evening dress and board shorts.”

D is for Designers
When the curtain comes up on a new Bell Shakespeare production, look out for the people with red eyes, trembling fingers and unkempt hair. They are probably the DESIGNERS of the costumes, set, lighting, movement and marketing! “They work extraordinarily hard,” says John Bell. “Among the many artists that we’ve fostered and developed over 25 years, there have been many amazing designers. It has been wonderful to help those creative people up through their careers.”

E is for Evans
As in Peter EVANS, who is receiving the reigns from John Bell at the end of 2015. “Peter has so many things combined,” says Bell. “He has the energy, passion and drive to run the company. He’s a good strategist, but also has an appetite for the day-to-day nitty gritty. He also has a taste for management and working with funding bodies. Plus he’s got a very unique, easy and amiable manner with actors in the rehearsal room.”

[Listen to Peter Evans revealing what he has up his sleeve for Bell Shakespeare in 2016 here.]

F is for Fat suit
Or Falstaff. One of the greatest comic roles in theatre, Falstaff is the rotund rascal who leads everyone astray, including the future king of England Prince Hal, in Henry IV.

It took John Bell more than 20 years to finally don the FAT SUIT and play Falstaff. “I felt totally different when I put it on,” says Bell. “It’s fascinating. It just changes everything about you. Your whole demeanour, energy, tempo and body movement becomes different. I loved living in the fat suit for that period.”

G is for Gilbert
As in the late Tony GILBERT AO, who wrote a fan letter to John Bell in 1961. “This was an object lesson in being polite to your fans,” smiles Bell. “It was the first fan letter I’d ever had so I decided to reply and invite my fan out for coffee.”

It transpired that this fan belonged to a big car sales family, and over time he and Bell became firm friends. Then in 1990, Gilbert phoned Bell with an idea. “He had some money for philanthropy, put aside to promote Shakespeare, but wasn’t sure what to do,” recalls Bell. “I told him, ‘You have to start a theatre company,’ but he replied, ‘No John. You have to start a theatre company!’ he told me to take it and run with it and that was the starting point of this company. We owe him everything. Without Tony Gilbert the company wouldn’t have come to be.”

H is for Hamlet
In 1991, HAMLET was the first play performed by Bell Shakespeare. By sheer coincidence, it is also the same play being staged now during the 25th anniversary celebrations.

“We’ve actually only had five Hamlets in 25 years,” says John Bell. “So it’s fairly rare that audiences get to see Bell Shakespeare taking on this most famous of plays.”

Damien Ryan directs the 2015 production, currently on stage at the Sydney Opera House. “Damien’s Hamlet just knocks you over every time,” says Bell. “It’s totally fresh and surprising and shocking. You find yourself thinking again, ‘My God, what an amazing play’ because Hamlet is different every time you see it. The potential for re-invention and variation is endless.”

[See here for details and tickets about the current production of Hamlet]
[Read insights about the current production of Hamlet here.]

I is for Inclusive
“The whole vision when we started was to be INCLUSIVE and share the magic of Shakespeare with people irrespective of age or background or status,” says John Bell. “Little by little, it’s grown from there.”

You can say that again. Since 1991, Bell Shakespeare has participated in workshops and staged plays in every state and territory in Australia. In remote Indigenous communities, in primary, in secondary schools, in juvenile detention centres – you name it, Bell Shakespeare has been there. And through the Hearts In A Row program, Bell Shakespeare has also been able to perform for the homeless, the unemployed, and to students from disadvantaged backgrounds.

[Read more about Bell Shakespeare’s community projects here .]

J is for Japan
Bell Shakespeare has also showcased Australian theatre overseas on a number of occasions, including JAPAN in 2000. A tour of August Strindberg’s Dance of Death, translated into English and directed by Roger Pulvers, saw Anna Volska, Bill Zappa and John Bell perform to audiences in Tokyo and Osaka.

“Fortunately Dance of Death made a very good impression in Japan,” recalls Bell. “We had quite large attendances and then had the chance to return the following year to do workshops in those same theatres. It was a fabulous experience for everyone involved.”

K is for Kick Ass.
As in, KICK ASS roles for women; something Shakespeare excelled at. Invariably, the female characters in his plays are wiser and wittier than the men. That’s given Bell Shakespeare the chance to put women centre stage throughout the past 25 years.

“As William Shakespeare’s career developed, so did the female parts he wrote,” says John Bell. “Women sometimes had to impersonate men to find their own voice which was an interesting social development [e.g. Portia in The Merchant of Venice, Viola in Twelfth Night]. He later wrote women who were far more heroic, compassionate or humane than the men around them [e.g. Hermione in The Winter’s Tale, Cordelia in King Lear]. Then there are two of Shakespeare’s greatest creations: Rosalind [As You Like It] and Cleopatra [Antony & Cleopatra] who toy with the men around them.”

L is for Learning
English theatre director Peter Brook once said that Shakespeare is a great school of life. Away from the spotlight, LEARNING and education form a large part of Bell Shakespeare’s activities.

This includes the remarkable Actors at Work programme, which sees young Bell Shakespeare actors touring primary and secondary schools to perform and participate in workshops. “In 25 years, we’ve reached so many students,” says John Bell. “It must be well over a million, perhaps even a million and a half.”

The purpose of work in schools is partly academic, but there are social benefits too, says Bell. “In our workshops, we get the students to perform sections or scenes from the stories. This encourages self-esteem, expression and respect. It’s character building. And one of the by-products has been reductions in school truancy.”

And it doesn’t stop there. Teachers are invited to come and work with Bell  Shakespeare every year, to help them transmit Shakespeare in their classrooms. Bell Shakespeare has also produced learning packs, a unique education iPad app, and tours a dedicated schools production in theatres every year.

[Read more about Bell Shakespeare’s education work here.]

M is for Mind’s Eye
As a theatre company mainly focused on one particular writer, Bell Shakespeare has set itself the ambitious task of leaving a legacy of new writing too. “The initiative we’ve created is called MIND’S EYE,” says John Bell. “For the past few years, we’ve encouraged writers to create new work based on an idea that has a Shakespeare connection. We’ve been developing those over the time. Four or five have actually been performed in Sydney or Melbourne with various companies. Others remain in development.”

[Read more about Mind’s Eye here.]

The Bell Shakespeare focus on writing and writers also extends beyond Mind’s Eye. The company now has its own Writer in Residence, the playwright and actor Kate Mulvany, who spends two days per week writing at the theatre company’s Sydney office. The dedicated workspace offers Mulvany access to a Shakespearean library, plus the opportunity to bounce ideas off Bell Shakespeare’s actors and creative team.

[Read more about the Writer in Residence project here.]


By Felicity McLean, author and freelance writer. @felicitymclean



You’ve been rehearsing and performing the role of Hamlet for six months now. How would you describe the experience?

Touring Hamlet nationally has been fantastic. Everyone in the cast and crew gets along, and we got to see the whole of Australia together.

For me personally, playing Hamlet has been life changing. It’s the toughest thing I’ve ever had to do. Diving into a character of this depth is something I’ve never done before.

It’s been physically and emotionally exhausting. I’ve learnt so much about my technique and stamina. Hamlet has taught me how to regulate my body to get through a show of this length. Everything you learn at drama school needs to be applied in this role.

What has surprised you about the past few months?

Playing Hamlet is like playing a game of footy every night – you really have to be match fit! The role is emotionally driven and vocally demanding, and there are a lot of physical elements too, like sword fighting and stage fighting. It has really taken me by surprise just how fit you need to be.

Seeing you on stage, it’s obvious how much emotional energy you are throwing into the role.

Yes, it’s making me a little insane actually! You feel grief. You cry every night. You feel lost and vengeful and angry. Every emotion on the human scale. And you fence. You jump into a grave. You die. If you’re committing to it and giving it a red hot go, then it really takes a lot out of you.

So how are you responding?

In the daytime, prior the show, I’m just playing video games! I’m doing things that remind me of my childhood, when I didn’t have a care in the world.

As an actor, you know it’s all pretend of course. But I spoke with Leon Ford and Brendan Cowell, who have both played Hamlet for Bell Shakespeare, and they agreed that it’s draining. They said that when you finish you need to get away and just do nothing and reset your brain.

Do you feel sympathetic towards Hamlet as a man?

I think you’ve got to be sympathetic with every character you play, because if you’re not then you’re just commenting on them. I feel strongly for Hamlet. He’s in deep grief over his father, who was his best friend and the guy who he looked up to. Then all these terrible things happen. He sees a ghost. His mother marries his uncle. It’s a snowball effect of insanity that he is rolled in to. I have massive sympathy for him.

Yet he’s capable of some quite horrifying acts too, isn’t he.

Most tragic heroes are flawed and that what’s makes them tragic. Hamlet’s treatment of Ophelia is awful but it can be justified. She hasn’t spoken to him for the past two months. She’s not replying to any of his letters and he doesn’t know why. Then she appears out of nowhere after hearing him deliver his speech about “To be or not to be” and she gives all the letters back to him and says that they’re all tainted – and he can’t understand why. Also, he suspects that her father is spying on him.

If you put yourself in the shoes of Hamlet – this poor kid who is quite fragile, who goes through so much – then you can sympathise. He makes some terrible decisions but they can be justified in the sense that no-one is listening to him or giving him the time of day.

What are you hoping audiences take away from this production?

Everyone has a pre-conceived idea of what Hamlet is. I hope people arrive with an open mind and leave feeling that they’ve seen something fresh and new in the play. We’re very proud of this production; there’s clear storytelling and there are wonderful actors in it. So I hope people walk away having seen something in our Hamlet that they’ve never seen before. I think that would be great.

 Josh McConville stars in Hamlet at the Sydney Opera House from now until 6 December. Details at

 Interview by Andy McLean, freelance writer and journalist. @1andymclean



 Many people say Hamlet is the greatest play of all time. Why is it so revered?

One of the things that Shakespeare seems to do more completely than any writer who went before him is reveal the variety of the human mind; the way that people are very complicated.

Shakespeare does that through the soliloquy – the character alone on stage talking to himself, opening up his mind – and Hamlet just does that more than any other character. So there is that psychological complexity. That’s one reason the play is revered.

Then if you combine that with simply the power of the revenge story. The primal idea of your father being killed by your uncle, and then your mother being compromised by that, she marries the man who killed your father – that’s a very powerful plot line. Combine it then with Hamlet having this task of revenge, and not being naturally suited to it. Then throw in the idea that he is a young man in love but he realises very quickly that that love affair is going to be a distraction and it has got to come to an end.

So you’ve got those two things: the psychology and then just the sheer force of the plot.

Hamlet is searching for answers throughout the play isn’t he?

Yes he is. Hamlet keeps asking questions. The play even begins with a question:

Barnardo: Who’s there?

Francisco: Nay, answer me. Stand and unfold yourself.

In a way, the whole of the play is [distilled] in that opening exchange. It asks questions but it refuses to answer them. It is Shakespeare’s most philosophical play in that sense; the way he asks the biggest questions about the nature of human beings.

Hamlet seems to be paralysed by all of his over-thinking. He rarely knows which way to turn.

He absolutely defines himself by inaction – a life of contemplation, a life of philosophy, the life of the mind. Then he is given this task, this enormous task of avenging his father’s death. In Hamlet, Shakespeare is especially fascinated by a task being given to someone who is not naturally suited to it and that is what leads to the tragedy. But if you think about Macbeth, who is a great man of action, if you have gave Macbeth the job of dealing with Claudius…

…it would be a short play!

It would be a very short play! Macbeth would rip Claudius “from the nave to th’ chops” before you knew it! Conversely, if you gave Hamlet the job that Macbeth has, of deciding whether or not to believe the witches, Hamlet might be a little more hesitant and ask a few more questions than Macbeth does.

The role of Hamlet is greatly coveted by actors. Why do you think that is?

It is partly the sheer size of the role. Hamlet is one of the small number of Shakespeare’s plays where there is a single part that has a huge, huge percentage of the text. So you kind of know that if you are going to play Hamlet, you are going to be at the centre of things. You are carrying so much of the play.

Then there is the fact that there are these soliloquies where you have to hold the whole theatre alone and the language is immensely rich. Then there is the range of feelings – you’ve got to feign madness, you’ve got to be angry, you’ve got to be thoughtful, you’ve got to be in love, you’ve got to be out of love, you’ve to got to decide whether Hamlet is really mad or pretending to be mad. As an actor you are always pretending, so what is the difference between acting ‘really mad’ and acting ‘pretending to be mad’? It is such a great challenge.

What makes the genre of revenge tragedy so irresistible to audiences?

There is something very primal about it. Going back to origins of western drama, to ancient Greek tragedy, those are so often about revenge and about family conflict. If you think about the Bible, the story of Cane and Abel; Hamlet alludes to that in the play – the Cain and Abel idea, the sort of primal curse of the brother killing a brother. So it really gets to the rawest human emotions imaginable.

I think the other thing about tragedy is there is a way in which seeing difficult experiences acted out in some way makes us feel better about our own lives. I always remember one of my old teachers at Cambridge, the great scholar Sir Christopher Ricks, saying: “Comedies make us feel sad because we feel life can’t be that good. Tragedies make us feel happy because we feel life can’t be that bad.”

The Bell Shakespeare production of Hamlet is being staged at the Canberra Theatre Centre (13 – 24 October) and Sydney Opera House (27 October – 6 December). Details at

Sir Jonathan Bate is the author of several books about William Shakespeare and his work. Details at

Interview edited by Felicity McLean, freelance writer and journalist. @felicitymclean



In your production, how are you exploring the political drama in Hamlet?

This play is about more than just two families imploding, and Hamlet is more than just a whinging boy who can’t get over his mother’s sexuality. Shakespeare housed this domestic drama within a political framework that is far more interesting. It allows Hamlet’s consciousness to be trapped inside something bigger than just his family – it’s trapped into a way of life that he simply can’t countenance.

Norway and Denmark have been in an enormous arms race – a real Cold War – that is beautifully described at the start of the play. Horatio and Marcellus talk about how the armament factories are building night and day (“…this sweaty haste doth make the night joint-labourer with the day”) and the endless endeavours of shipwrights and so you get this powerful Cold War and the strong government focus on border control.

Besides the external threat, there’s plenty of political intrigue within the Danish court isn’t there.

Absolutely. The play begins with a guard on border control but ironically he’s not seeing an external enemy, he’s seeing a ghost. And Horatio fears the ghost might be privy to his country’s fate.

What we learned from the Cold War and what we’re learning from Australia right now or from Edward Snowden or Julian Assange is that we’re in a world where governments feel they need to protect the citizenry from powerful perceived external threats. What happens is that the citizens become heavily seduced by the need to give up their personal freedoms – their freedom of speech, their freedom of thought. Their telephones are hacked and their lives are spied upon. It’s that very East German quality, which we thought we were safe from in a country like Australia but that we’ve quickly learned that we’re not.

So the Cold War, and war more generally in the sense of an external threat, is central to the true telling of the story of Hamlet. It gives a character like Polonius the permission to sneak inside bedrooms and inside the heads of everyone in Denmark.

What do you hope audiences take from that?

The ultimate point I try to make in the production is that the essence of tragedy is simply this: We spend our lives arming ourselves against what we perceive are our external threats – the things that we think are going to come across our borders – and Australia is extremely guilty of this. We fear what will happen to us if we let the wrong people in. Yet tragedy is there to teach us that we are actually the problem and the problem is already inside the fence. We are the greatest danger to ourselves and that’s what tragedy is trying to teach us. Denmark is arming itself for a giant external political threat but the threat is actually sitting on the throne. And the only person who can stop it [Hamlet] is too much of an enemy to himself to do anything about it.

This tension between the political and the personal is everywhere in the play isn’t it. 

Yes it is. The play is about grief and suppression of grief and I think that there’s another very political thing that Shakespeare is saying. In Catholicism, funeral rites and grieving in England were very, very different. Under the Tudors, when the Church became Protestant and Catholicism was wiped out, all the rules were changed about how you were permitted to grieve. They pulled all the theatre and all of the ritual out of the grieving process. You can almost feel William Shakespeare’s anger about that in Hamlet.

The play is all about a group of young people who lose their parents, but not one of them is permitted to grieve. Hamlet’s first scene in the play has his mother and his uncle absolutely condemning him – quite brutally – for the fact that he’s still grieving his father a month after the death. Then Ophelia’s madness is entirely founded in the notion that her father disappears off the face of the earth; she had no funeral, no ritual at which she could offer her deep sadness. So her mind breaks and she conducts a funeral in her own imagination, handing out flowers and singing eulogies.

The play is a very powerful expression of how we are forced by society to bottle up our grief and not express ourselves.

The Bell Shakespeare production of Hamlet is touring regional centres, before being staged at the Canberra Theatre Centre (13 – 24 October) and Sydney Opera House (27 October – 6 December). Details at

 Interview by Andy McLean, freelance writer and journalist. Twitter: @1andymclean



How would you explain Hamlet to someone who is new to the play?

If you enjoy a thriller and you want a sense of a ticking clock then Hamlet is a time bomb! You will recognise the structure of this story from many things that you’ve seen since Shakespeare’s time: everything is going down and one guy is trying to hold it all together.

Also, this is a play about politics and a play about government and a play about state and a play about succession. It’s about the biggest issues possible – and yet it’s also just about a lad who has got a grudge against his mum and that’s kind of where the play begins: “I can’t believe you’ve done this mum and I don’t know what this means for our relationship and actually I don’t want to see you right now”. To say that to your mum is not the kind of thing you expect, but everybody has felt a bit like that in family domestic relationships at some point. It’s just a case of how high the stakes are when you feel that.

Why does Hamlet still have such universal appeal?

Hamlet can speak to us all about what it is like to face some of the hardest decisions that you could ever have to face in life. Whether you like it or not, in your own life you will find yourself in Hamlet’s position. It probably won’t be because your father is killed by his brother! But you will be confronted with situations that you don’t know how to get out of; where you can’t see the wood for the trees but the pressure is on. Something will happen and you will work out what you are going to do, and through that you will discover what sort of person you are. And who knows how you will feel about that?

Hamlet is faced with a terrible dilemma: Is it right or wrong to kill the man who murdered his father? And he asks the audience: “What would you do?” Everyone in the room is on that journey with him, aren’t they.

Big time! Hamlet really puts the audience up in the driving seat with him. It feels like Hamlet’s signature tune is questions, questions, questions. Every question deserves an answer but the answer is in the audience. So you as the audience have got to respond: “Am I a villain? Am I a coward?”

And I think Hamlet is brilliantly constructed because you know how high the stakes are. If my dead father had just told me that he is in torment in this burning prison and that if ever I loved him – which of course I did – then I’d do something about it… well, you know, no pressure!

Hamlet is full of expressions that people commonly say today. “Woe is me” “Shuffle off this mortal coil” “That it should come to this!” “To thine own self be true” etc. Why do you think these are still so popular?

Part of the reason is that Shakespeare just finds a really economic way of expressing situations that we’ve all been in at some point in our lives. We’ve all felt embittered, we’ve all felt angry, we’ve all felt misunderstood. But the way that we’ve probably expressed it wouldn’t be poetic and wouldn’t have been in a way that you can say to yourself, “Yeah, that puts it in a nutshell”. Shakespeare does that and actually it’s good to know that we share that with other people. And it’s good to know that you can kind of take an objective glance at your feelings and hear them described in that way.

The Bell Shakespeare production of Hamlet is touring regional centres, before being staged at the Canberra Theatre Centre (13 – 24 October) and Sydney Opera House (27 October – 6 December). Details at

 Dr Nick Walton is Shakespeare Courses Development Director at The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust in Stratford-upon-Avon. Details at

 Interview by Andy McLean, freelance writer and journalist. Twitter: @1andymclean

CUPID KILLS IT IN 2016 – A season preview with Artistic Director Peter Evans


This will be your first season as Bell Shakespeare’s sole Artistic Director. What can audiences expect?

I’m inviting the audience to come on a journey with me into the various corners you can explore with Shakespeare and the classics.

For the 2016 season I wanted to present an early Shakespeare play, Romeo And Juliet, and a late play, Othello. This means that, at the start and end of the year, people will see two unmistakably Shakespearean plays that are also very different from each other. And then The Literati is the chewy, sugary centre of the season. I’m really excited about that – it’s a contemporary Australian translation of Moliere’s comedy Les Femmes Savantes.

How are you approaching Romeo And Juliet?

With me taking over, lots of people are expecting our productions to be even more fiercely contemporary and modern. So I think some will be surprised that Romeo & Juliet is going to be rich and romantic and period inspired. We’re going to make some beautiful period Italian-style frocks and have some fun. It will be like going down the rabbit hole into an imaginary 16th century production. That’s what I really want people to experience.

That doesn’t mean it’s going to be a museum piece. Far from it.  The production will still be contemporary, but when you see Romeo And Juliet in 16th century inspired costume, then you can fully go into the romance of the story. It will help us highlight aspects of the script such as the poetry and the sense of night and day. In Shakespeare’s time, there was no electric light so it was pitch black after nightfall. Romeo climbing over walls and breaking into someone’s house is incredibly dangerous. And new mornings are really important too in this play. Shakespeare describes the night and day so brilliantly and evocatively.

Listen to a podcast interview with Peter Evans about Romeo And Juliet here. 

And with Othello, what can you share with us about that?

That came about because, quite simply, I had an actor who was absolutely ready – right now – for the role of Othello. Ray Chong Nee was in our Players group touring schools in 2013. Then he was wonderful in our mainstage production of The Dream last year. I’m really excited to announce that he will be our Othello in 2016.

Othello will be absolutely contemporary and absolutely Australian. This year has been really interesting because we’ve seen the latent racism that can sit behind the Australian culture and then rear its ugly head. The play has got nothing to do with race and yet at the same time it has everything to do with race. I think it’s really interesting the way it filters through.

The play is also interesting because it focuses on men and this military mentality. The characters are about to go war but it never happens. They’re all in this sort of waiting game. In a way, the play is about a heroic solider who is particularly confident and at ease on a war footing but when in leisure, and particularly in love, he’s more out of his depth. I’m interested in that part of the play.

Listen to a podcast interview with Peter Evans about Othello here.

People might not know The Literati so well. What can you tell us about it?

One of the things I love about Moliere is the way that he tears into pretension. In this case he really lampoons people with literary pretensions. There’s a love story right in the middle of it, where two people just love each other and want to be together. The young woman, who is the real hero of it, is so streetwise and down to earth. But she’s up against her literary, social climbing mother and sister, who want her to marry someone else.

Where did the idea to stage The Literati come from?

It came slightly from left field. Lee Lewis [Artistic Director at the Griffin Theatre] contacted us about a partnership and we were so excited about it. The idea was to work with Justin Fleming’s new Australian translation of Moliere’s Les Femmes Savantes, and stage the play at the SBW Stables Theatre.

I loved the idea for practical reasons because it’s such a small cast and it has such strong female characters in it. Just like Moliere’s Tartuffe [Bell Shakespeare 2014] when we had so much fun with the maid, the stepmum and the daughter. In a way this play pushes that even further.

I think that Lee will have a ball directing this because she’s doing really extreme doubling of roles; the farcical aspects of the production will be heightened I think. And then on top of that to see this kind of play in the SBW Stables Theatre – I can’t wait to hear all of Justin’s words tumbling around that intimate venue.

Listen to a podcast interview with Peter Evans about The Literati here. 

What else will be keeping you busy in 2016?

We’ll be touring a schools production again. James Evans [Bell Shakespeare Associate Artist & Resident Artist in Education] is going to reimagine and redirect The Dream starring our Players in Sydney, Melbourne and – for the first time – Perth. The Dream is a wonderful introduction for younger students because it’s such a beautiful play and a bit of a wild ride. And our Actors At Work will do Romeo & Juliet plus we’re working on a new primary schools show that is really exciting. I can’t wait to see it all take shape.

For more details about Bell Shakespeare’s 2016 Season, and to book tickets, visit

Interview by Andy McLean, freelance journalist and writer @1andymclean